IPC-1782A, Standard for Manufacturing / Supply Chain Traceability of Electronic Products
This standard establishes minimum requirements for manufacturing and supply chain traceability based on perceived risk as agreed between user and supplier (AABUS). This standard applies to all products, processes, assemblies, parts, components, equipment used and other items as deﬁned by users and suppliers in the manufacture of printed board assemblies, as well as mechanical assembly and printed circuit board fabrication. This standard is applicable both for internal traceability (i.e., traceability within the environment in which the product is assembled) and external traceability (i.e., as products and materials are moved between locations as part of their supply chain). Minimum requirements are based on four levels of traceability for materials and processes. These levels can correlate to the IPC Product Classiﬁcation System (Class 1, Class 2, and Class 3 and Space/Defense/Medical) and/or another set of categories of compliance, based on the business model/economic needs of the end-use market for the ﬁnal product (e.g., telecom, aerospace, automotive, medical device, consumer electronics, etc.) or a subassembly within that product.