Original Research

IPC Research on Key Industry Topics

IPC’s Industry Intelligence (i3) program produces occasional research reports on topics of special importance to the industry.

Environment, Health and Safety (EHS)


Chemicals Management 

  • Preliminary Findings: PFAS Use in the Electronics Industry: Regulators in the United States and the European Union are eyeing chemicals in the per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) class for possible new restrictions. In July 2020, IPC conducted this study to gain a better understanding of the evolving policies shaping the production and use of PFAS.


  • Governments in the Asia-Pacific region have established comprehensive EHS policy frameworks, with a variety of approaches and enforcement mechanisms. To help our members understand and engage in these issues, IPC has created six white papers, each of which highlights the history of chemical regulations, current regulatory systems, recent regulatory updates, and anticipated trends in the following countries:  


Findings on the Skills Gap in U.S. Electronics Manufacturing reports on the results of a 2017 IPC survey of U.S. electronics assembly manufacturers on the impact of the skills gap. It identifies the hardest-to-fill production and engineering/professional positions, reasons applicants did not qualify, educational requirements for hard-to-fill positions, essential skills in short supply, the effect of H-1B visa availability, and companies’ outlook for expanding their workforces and their businesses in the next year.  31 pages.

2019 Wage Rate & Salary Study for the North American Electronics Assembly Industry contains the results of IPC's biennial wage survey in which 34 U.S. companies participated, including both contract manufacturers/EMS companies and OEMs. It shows the data in averages, average ranges, medians and percentile data on 2019 hourly wages, annual salaries and sales compensation in the USA. Data on 40 positions are segmented by U.S. region and company size. Salary budget growth and pay increases in 2019 and 2020 are included along with spending on benefits and training.

Sales compensation data covers base salaries, commissions and bonuses, as well as compensation of independent manufacturers' representatives. Data on current HR policies cover hiring, performance appraisal, shifts, paid leave, team activities and other topics. Coverage of employee benefits includes several types of retirement plans, profit-sharing, stock ownership, various types of health insurance plans, life insurance, coverage of dependents, company contributions to these benefits, and tuition assistance. 60 pages.